20 days ago we proposed to choose the best building in a community as architecturally rich as Andalusia and the results are clear: the majority of the votes are divided between the Alhambra of Granada and the Mosque-Cathedral of Córdoba, two jewels of recognized international prestige, both icons not only of Andalusian architecture but of national and European heritage.
“Nobody forgets the first time they saw the Alhambra (World Heritage Site since 1984), the most spectacular and famous Arab construction in the world. From anywhere in Granada, you can see the silhouette in the shape of a ship, dotted by cypress trees, of a monument that for twelve centuries has been the emblem of the city. The Alhambra has been a palatine city, palace of kings and fortress, all in one. The complex is a surprising construction, it has no main façade, no center, and no specific axis. Buildings, towers, palaces, patios and gardens follow one another in a natural way, as if the life of its inhabitants had been designing them, ”says Tourism. We subscribe to everything they say. It is not possible to describe the Alhambra itself, you have to experience it. Y 24.44% of AD readers consider it the best building in all of Andalusia.
It is followed by Mosque-Cathedral of Córdoba (World Heritage Site since 1984), “a monument whose greatness lies in being the chronicle of a long history. Perhaps no other work of architecture could tell us what the history of Spain has been,” said Rafael Moneo. And who are we to contradict the teacher. “The Mosque-Cathedral of Córdoba is the most important monument in the entire Islamic West and one of the most amazing in the world. Its history summarizes the complete evolution of the Umayyad style in Spain, in addition to the Gothic, Renaissance and Baroque styles of Christian construction. The place it occupies today seems to have been, since ancient times, dedicated to the worship of different divinities. Under Visigothic domination, the basilica of San Vicente was built on this same site, on which the original mosque was built after payment of part of the site. This rectangular basilica was shared by Christians and Muslims for a time. When the Muslim population grew, the basilica was completely acquired by Abderraman I and destroyed for the definitive construction of the first Alhama or main Mosque of the city. At present some constructive elements of the Visigoth building are integrated in the first section of Abderraman I. The great Mosque consists of two different areas, the patio or porticoed sahn and the prayer room or haram “. It was chosen by 19.20% of the participants.
In third place, two very unique buildings tie with a 5.75% of the votes, both are in Seville. They are the Real Alcázar of Seville and the Plaza de España.
Royal Alcazar of Seville
Always used as accommodation for kings and high personalities, and the setting for productions such as Alatriste or Game of Thrones, is made up of various buildings from different eras. The original fortification was built on an old Roman and later Visigoth settlement. Later it became an early Christian basilica (San Vicente Mártir), where San Isidoro was buried. The Real Alcázar of Seville begins to take on its current appearance after the taking of the city by the Arabs in 713. One of the palaces that surrounds two courtyards is from the same period as the Alhambra in Granada. To carry out the work, important artisans were sent by the Nasrid King Mohamed V. After the Reconquest of the city, in 1248, the Reales Alcázares belonged to the successive monarchs. Alfonso X el Sabio made the first reforms by creating three large Gothic rooms. Later Pedro I decided to build the wonderful Mudejar Palace.
Beautiful as few in the world, the Plaza de España in Seville is like a hug that the city gives to those who visit it and are amazed. “The Plaza de España is a show of light and majesty. Framed in the Parque de María Luisa, it was designed by the Sevillian architect Aníbal González as an emblematic space of the Ibero-American Exposition of 1929. The result was a unique palace-plaza in the world. Its proportions are lavish, it has a total area of 50,000 square meters, making it the most imposing square in Spain. A 515-meter-long canal runs along the entire perimeter of the square, which can be traveled by boat ”.
And if in third place there was a simple tie, in fourth we have a triple with 4.60% of votes. The Jewish Quarter of Córdoba, the Giralda of Seville and the Cathedral of Granada have obtained the same support in this bid in which 28 unique buildings in Andalusia competed.